The years passed and his physique is well suited to play characters aggressive and rude. After a brief appearance in the controversial The Ages of Lulu (Bigas Luna, 1990), became one of the principal actors of this fetish and so, with that 18 years later became his wife Penelope Cruz and Jordi Molla, starred in Jamón, jamón (1992), a film that catapulted the trio to fame.

He won in 1994, the Silver Frames for Best Actor Golden Balls of Bigas Luna, the Award for Best Actor at the San Sebastian Festival by days numbered and the detective and death and the Prize Fernando Rey for Outstanding Performance by Days numbered. A year later, and by the latter film won the Goya for Best Male Artist of the cast and the Union Prize for Best Actor Actors, as well as Silver Frame by Word of mouth, through which he won the Goya the protagonist Best Actor in 1996.

After getting in December 1997 Audience Award for Best Actor at the Gala of the European Film Academy in January 1998 competes for the Goya for Best Actor for Flesh. In 1999 would work with Molla in Second Skin.

Mondays in the Sun and The Sea Inside

In 2003 won the Goya for Best Actor for his role in leading Mondays in the Sun, sharing the stage with Luis Tosar, also won a Goya for this film. At the ceremony of delivery of the prize has its say-along with other colleagues, against the war and the invasion of Iraq. In 2004 again won Volpi Cup at the Venice Film Festival, this time for his role in The Sea Inside, which also repeated the Goya for Best Actor.

Jump to the international film

In 2006 he starred in Love in the Time of Cholera, Mike Newell directed with a dash of South African Ronald Harwood and filmed in Cartagena de Indias. In 2008 he starred alongside including Scarlett Johansson and three years later became his wife Penelope Cruz, Vicky Cristina Barcelona, directed by New Yorker Woody Allen.

In 2008 he won a Golden Globe for the Best Supporting Actor for his performance in the film No Country for Old Men from Joel and Ethan Coen. Also, this same film won the BAFTA the best supporting actor and finally the Oscar in the same category, the first Spanish actor to win such an award. After receiving the award, publicly thanked his teacher Corazza your help to write the character. That same year he won the National Film Award. Among his latest projects is Biutiful with whom he won the Goya for best actor.

In late 1979, was an actor almost forgotten, although this will change soon, thanks to three young directors: David Zucker, Jim Abrahams and Jerry Zucker, the group known as ZAZ.

In 1980 opens with the ZAZ absurd comedy " Airplane! "playing with great success to Dr. Rumack expressionless. The secret of the comedy that made history is to use serious actors who had never acted in comedies. Leslie Nielsen was known as the guy to good jokes, but his comedic talent was not developed in the film until the premiere of this film. With Airplane!, Recovered and even enjoyed greater popularity.

In 1982, reunites with the ZAZ in the television series Police Squad ("Police Squad!"), where he plays the bumbling police lieutenant Frank Drebin. He predicted success, however, when the truth, failed, as there was a great competition with other series already established on the screen. Lasted only six episodes, despite having very good reviews and being nominated for an Emmy.

After the disappointment at the cancellation of the series, only played a leading role in the drama Mad, along with Barbra Streisand.

In 1988 and hand ZAZ group, opens " The Naked Gun "(The Naked Gun, Naked Gun in Spain and in Latin America and where is the police?), which is a huge success in raising and criticism. Leslie Nielsen returning to play the bumbling Lt. Frank Drebin after the failure of the series. His co-stars in the film were Priscilla Presley, George Kennedy and OJ Simpson.

During the nineties, made two film sequels and became one of the most popular comedians in the world. Was honored to participate in the last two chapters of the legendary series " The Golden Girls "(The Golden Girls), where he marries the character played by Bea Arthur. He also participated in several episodes of the series " Murder, She Wrote It '.

Nielsen in 1982.
In 1998, working again with the writer of "The Naked Gun", Pat Proft, in " Wrongfully Accused "parody films The Fugitive and Titanic, among others.

In 2000, stars in " 2001: A Space Travesty "which, he says, is the worst film in which he worked.

In 2003 David Zucker returns to call to participate in Scary Movie 3. Nielsen and Zucker to meet again in a film nine years later. After months of shooting that film, lends his voice to an animated series called Zeroman for Canadian television.

Later signed to play supporting roles in Scary Movie 4 and Superhero Movie.

Pacino began to enjoy the performance and realized I had talent while studying at the Actors Studio. However, his early works were not financially rewarding. After his success on the stage, Pacino made ​​his film debut in 1969 with a brief appearance in Me, Natalie, an independent film starring Patty Duke. In 1970, Pacino signed with talent agency Creative Management Associates (CMA).

1970s: The Godfather and Oscar nominations

His rise to stardom came from the hand of the character of Michael Corleone, who played in the saga of The Godfather (1972, 1974 and 1990). Although numerous established actors, including Robert Redford and Warren Beatty were considered for this character, Coppola selected the relatively unknown Pacino. This action got him nominated for the Academy Awards the Best Supporting Actor.

In 1973, Pacino starred in the popular Serpico, based on the true story of police incorruptible New York, Frank Serpico, who worked several years on the streets as an undercover and exposed the corruption that existed in the police department of that city. That same year he co-starred in Scarecrow, with Gene Hackman, and won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. In 1974, Pacino reprized his role as Michael Corleone in the blockbuster sequel The Godfather II. In 1975, achieved greater success with the release of Dog Day Afternoon, publicized the story of a bank robbery. The film was directed by Sidney Lumet, who also directed him in Serpico few years earlier, and both films Pacino won Oscar nominations for Best Actor.

In 1977, Pacino starred as a career aviator in Bobby Deerfield, directed by Sydney Pollack, and received a nomination for Golden Globe. During the 1970s, Pacino won four nominations for Best Actor Oscar for his performances in Serpico, The Godfather II, Dog Day Afternoon and Justice for all. Pacino continued acting in theater, and won a Tony award in that decade.

Decade of 1980

Pacino's career cinematoráfica suffered a bit in the early 80's, and his work in On the hunt and Author! Author! were failures in the critical and box office. However, Scarface (1983), directed by Brian De Palma, Pacino's career turned for a moment at the top. In its initial release, the film was critically panned, but received good numbers at the box office, earning $ 45 million. Pacino got a nomination for Golden Globe for his role as drug dealer Cuban Tony Montana. Years later, reveal to the interviewer Barbara Walters that Tony Montana represented the best work of his career. His only film since Scarface until 1989, Revolution (1985) was widely criticized and a disaster at the box office. Pacino took refuge in the theater and worked on his more personal projects such as The Local Stigmatic, a play Off Broadway in 1969 the English writer Heathcote Williams, who starred in, and went up with director David Wheeler and the Theater Company of Boston in a movie version was filmed in New York in March 1990. He was later released as part of box set Pacino: An Actor's Vision in 2007. After that Pacino returned to the stage for four years. Mounted works as Crystal Clear and National Anthems, appeared in the New York Shakespeare Festival with Julius Caesar in 1988, produced by Joseph Papp. Pacino remarked on his hiatus from the film: "I remember when everything happened, '74, '75, doing The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui at the theater and reading that the reason I returned to the stage was that my film career was failing! That was the origin, the way the theater received, unfortunately. " In the late 80's, Pacino returned to films in 1989 with Sea of Love, conventional thriller with a few drops of eroticism that worked at the box office and it was returned to the place where the previous decade. His greatest theatrical success of the decade was American Buffalo, of David Mamet, for which Pacino was nominated for an award Drama Desk.

Decade of 1990

Pacino received an Oscar nomination for playing Big Boy Caprice in the blockbuster movie Dick Tracy (1990), followed by a return to one of his most famous, Michael Corleone in The Godfather III (1990). In 1991, Pacino starred in Frankie and Johnny with Michelle Pfeiffer, who had co-starred with Pacino in Scarface. Finally won the Oscar for Best Actor for his portrayal of Lt. Col. retired U.S. Army, Frank Slade in the blockbuster Scent of a Woman (1992). That same year, was also nominated for the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for Glengarry Glen Ross, making Pacino the first male actor to receive two nominations for two different movies in the same year, and winning for the lead role.

During the 1990s, Pacino returned briefly to gangster roles in the acclaimed crime dramas, Carlito's Way (1993) and Donnie Brasco (1997). In 1995, Pacino starred as Lt. Vincent Hanna in Fire Fighting Fire (Heat) of Michael Mann, where he and his partner and cinematrgáfico icon Robert De Niro appeared together onscreen for the first time (though both participated in The Godfather II, no shared no scenes). Fire against fire created great expectations because of its protagonists, and though it received favorable reviews, failed large numbers at the box office worldwide. In 1996, Pacino starred in his film Looking for Richard, and was praised for his role as Satan in the supernatural thriller The Devil / The Devil's Advocate in 1997. In 1999, Pacino starred in the sports drama Any Given Sunday of Oliver Stone and the multi Oscar-nominated The Insider of Michael Mann.


Pacino appeared in Insomnia, with Robin Williams, the film is a remake of a movie Norway the same name and directed by Christopher Nolan. The film and Pacino's work received constructive criticism and did moderately well at the box office. After he played the lawyer Roy Cohn in the miniseries for HBO in 2003, Angels in America of Tony Kushner, with the legendary Meryl Streep.

Continues his interest in film direction and Chinese Coffee earned good response, in turn, his work in theater continued successfully. In the "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains" is one of only two actors who appear on both lists: the "heroes list" as Frank Serpico and the "villains list" as Michael Corleone. Pacino gave a great performance of Shylock, the Jew greedy and ruthless, in the 2004 film based on the work of Shakespeare : The Merchant of Venice. While not a blockbuster, along with Jeremy Irons, offered interpretations of great height.

On October 20th of 2006, the American Film Institute gave Pacino the 35th AFI Life Achievement Award. On November 22, 2006, the University Philosophical Society of Trinity College Dublin Pacino honored with the Honorary Patronage society.

With box office earnings relatively smaller than previous Pacino preparing new projects. She starred in Ocean's Thirteen of Steven Soderbergh with George Clooney, Brad Pitt, Matt Damon and Andy Garcia as the villain Willy Bank, a casino tycoon who is targeted by Danny Ocean and his companions, who seek revenge.

On June 19th of 2007 was released a box set titled Pacino: An Actor's Vision, which contains three foreign films of Al Pacino: The Local Stigmatic (Disc 1), Looking for Richard (Disc 2) and Chinese Coffee (Disc 3) and also a documentary on Pacino's entire career, Babbleonia (Disc 4).

In 2007 starred in 88 minutes, same was not on the box office. That same year premiered Righteous Kill, in which Pacino and Robert De Niro play two detectives from New York looking for a serial murderer, marking the first time the two actors involved together in the same scenes throughout the film. The tape did not get good response at the box office and by critics.

His most recent release is the film for HBO You Do not Know Jack (Do not Know Jack) with Susan Sarandon and John Goodman, where Pacino plays the Dr. Jack Kevorkian. The police drama Son of No One, which Pacino starring alongside Channing Tatum, Juliette Binoche, Ray Liotta and Katie Holmes is in post production. appears as himself in the comedy Jack & Jill with Adam Sandler, directed by Dennis Dugan.

Robert Downey Jr. has a famous quote, when you try to explain to the judge, in 1999, his addiction to drugs, "is like having a loaded gun in your mouth and your finger on the trigger, you know that at any time be shoot but I like the taste of gun metal "

Since the late 1980's, Downey developed an addiction to drugs (among which are crack, heroin, marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, LSD and Alcohol), the actor himself says it was his father who introduced him to the consumption of marijuana when he was a child, at the age of 8 years. In 1980, he had attended for the first time at a rehabilitation center, who left soon after to no avail.

In 1996, the lifetime of Downey took an unexpected turn, though predictable for friends, family and people close to the actor. He was arrested in Los Angeles lead to speeding and possession of marijuana, cocaine, heroin and crack cocaine and an unloaded gun. He was released on conditional bail of 5,000 U.S. dollars. Before being scheduled for trial on those charges was arrested again, mistakenly entering the house of his neighbor and remain unconscious in this. Had consumed both alcohol and drugs, health care she needed to regain consciousness. He was sent to a rehabilitation center was defined as hearing date for his 2 arrests, but only 4 days after he was arrested by security officers of a rehabilitation center, a few hours after escaping through a window of this and hitchhiking.

On July 29, 1996, was presented to the Superior Court of Los Angeles County, to answer the charges of the two arrests. He was sentenced to 3 years probation and sent to a rehabilitation center to serve a mandatory drug program. These events impacted very negatively on your career, consider a person at high risk (because he could no longer be insured by any manufacturer). In 1997 he was sentenced to 113 days in jail for refusing to take several drug tests and constant violations of probation. In his time in prison, was subjected to a forced detoxification, which sometimes kept him out of his cell. Furthermore, the time spent in prison Downey got into several fights with other inmates broke causing the nose after a fight.

On June 22, 1999, was sent back to rehab by the Court after failing to appear at another drug test. His parole was suspended again in August of that year, which caused him a sentence of 11 months in prison for criminals serving with addiction problems.

In mid-2000, was released and immediately received an offer to appear in 8 episodes of the series Ally McBeal. During that time he was arrested in the rest of the filming, on the weekend of Thanksgiving 2000. The arrest took place in Palm Springs, California, while the actor, depressed and surrounded by people she met at the hotel where he stayed, started smoking crack, cocaine, injecting heroin and alcohol for 24 hours until the morning of 25 November, when an anonymous call to the local police, apparently of the same people I had shared the weekend, he had two officers searched his room and found illegal substances in addition to controlled drugs hidden in a box of tissues.

His work in the television series continued through the arrest did not put him behind bars and was set free, to pay a $ 15,000 bond. But the April 24, 2001, the turbulent life of the actor and his obvious addiction crisis did fall once more arrested, this time, was found in an alley behind a hotel in the suburb of Culver City, Los Angeles; while wandering after midnight, a police officer was arrested and later taken examinations of blood and urine showed that it was under the influence of various narcotics. After that incident, was dismissed from the series where she worked, forcing producers to write a forced end of the season, which eventually led to the definitive cancellation of the show.

Thanks to a new California state law could avoid being sent to jail again, but had access to the court, forcing him to live in a rehabilitation center. On July 16, 2001, his lawyers did not contest the charge of possession of more drugs and misdemeanor charge of poisoning substances, for which obtained the agreement of three years of probation and the condition of minimum term rehabilitation 1 year. It is assumed that domestic remained in an undisclosed rehabilitation unit until 2002, when free from addictions returned to acting.

Although his career early in the new millennium was well affected to be considered a high risk player, has managed to stay clean since then, regaining control of their personal and professional life. It is now listed by the magazine Time as one of the most influential personalities in the world, to overcome their addiction problems.

He began writing together with Avary and other friends, spent several frustrating years writing and trying to launch two scripts pretending to be his debut as manager. In part because of how difficult it was to make a "real movie" for an unknown writer and director, wrote in 1991, Reservoir Dogs, with the intention to be more minimalist project imaginable: the story of a heist armed robbery in which the theft occurs off screen, pages and pages of dialogue that need a single set. Intended to be an extremely cheap 16mm film with Tarantino and his Video Archives buddies playing all the roles. Fortunately, the ambitious producer Lawrence Bender read the script of Reservoir Dogs, was fascinated and asked Tarantino to grant him a month to try to make this "real movie". It was Bender who sent the script to the actor Harvey Keitel and it was the enthusiasm that attracted several good actors and, finally, a decent budget for production. Shot in less than a month in Los Angeles, with an exceptional cast including himself Keitel (who was also responsible for co-producing), Michael Madsen, Steve Buscemi, Tim Roth, Lawrence Tierney, Chris Penn and Tarantino himself. Reservoir Dogs was a success, first at the Sundance Film Festival and then worldwide.

Suddenly Tarantino was hot and the two scripts he had been working before Reservoir Dogs were sold right away: it was True Romance (True Romance, 1992, directed by Tony Scott) and Natural Born Killers (Murderers born, rewritten and directed by Oliver Stone in 1993). Also offered some projects, such as Speed ​​and Men in Black, but chose to retire to Amsterdam to work on his script for Pulp Fiction, a collage of fiction played by John Travolta and Uma Thurman released in 1994, which was another success for Tarantino and several award nominations, of which won the Palme d'Or at Cannes and the Oscar, Golden Globe and BAFTA for Best Original Screenplay.

After that he directed the fourth episode of Four Rooms, The Man From Hollywood, an homage to Alfred Hitchcock. The remaining episodes of the film was directed by Allison Anders, Alexandre Rockwell and Robert Rodriguez. He acted and wrote the script for From Dusk Till Dawn, a film directed by his friend Robert Rodriguez, and spawned two sequels, in which Tarantino and Rodriguez exercised only as executive producers.

His third film was Jackie Brown in 1997, who wrote and directed. It was an adaptation of Rum Punch, a novel by Elmore Leonard. A tribute to the films of blaxploitation, starring Pam Grier, who starred in many films of the genre in the 70's, and he was nominated to both the Golden Globes and the SAG award for her role, and co-star Robert Foster was nominated for an Oscar in the category of best supporting actor. Completed this deal only Samuel L. Jackson (also nominated for a Golden Globe), Robert De Niro, Bridget Fonda and Michael Keaton.

Quentin Tarantino and Diane Kruger at the ceremony of the 2010 Oscar.
I had planned to do next a war movie tentatively titled Inglourious Bastards, but postponed it to write and direct Kill Bill (released in two parts, Volume 1 and Volume 2), a revenge movie that took elements of Wuxia (Chinese martial art) Jidaigeki (Japanese film genre) and spaghetti westerns. It was based on the character (the Bride) and plot that Uma Thurman and he had developed during the filming of Pulp Fiction. In 2005, Tarantino was a guest in Sin City, directed by Robert Rodriguez. It directs the car scene starring Clive Owen and Benicio del Toro.

His next project was Grindhouse, co-directed with Robert Rodriguez and released in 2007. Tarantino directed the segment entitled Death Proof. Their performance in the movie was not as expected despite having a favorable review.

His next film was Inglourious Basterds, a story about a group of American soldiers in occupied France by the Nazis during World War II. Filming began in October 2008. The film premiered on August 21, 2009 (U.S.) garnering very positive reviews and reaching the top spot in global revenue. is the Tarantino movie that has achieved higher revenues in both the U.S. and worldwide.

His next film will be " Django Unchained, "which is already rolling. The film is a western that will address black slavery, and as a freed slave, Django, try to free his wife of a plantation. For the leading man at first thought Will Smith, but eventually will be Jamie Foxx. A Foxx will accompany the cast Leonardo DiCaprio, Christoph Waltz, Samuel L. Jackson and Kurt Russell. The Weinstein Company (producer of the film) has announced to be released on December 25, 2012 in USA. States..

In 2011 began production of Django Unchained, a film about the revenge of a former slave against his former master. The film Tarantino arose from the desire to make a spaghetti western in the U.S. Deep South, which Tarantino has called a "southern", saying he wanted to "make films that try the horrible past of U.S. slavery and those things, but as do the spaghetti westerns, not like movies on a big problem. I do like genre films, but faced with everything that America has never been occupied because it is ashamed of this and other countries do not address it because they feel entitled to do so. " Tarantino finished the script on April 26, 2011, and handed it to The Weinstein Company. Christoph Waltz was cast as a German bounty hunter. For the title role is rumored Will Smith and Idris Elba, but finally Jamie Foxx has been chosen to make Django. will also be Samuel L. Jackson, like Stephen, a faithful slave, and Leonardo DiCaprio in the role of Calvin Candie, the main antagonist in the film. Its release is scheduled for December 25, 2012.

Chuck Norris created the martial art Chun Kuk Do call, which is based primarily on Tang Soo Do and includes elements of all martial arts known Chuck Norris. Like many other martial arts, Chun Kuk Do includes a code of honor and rules of life. These rules are from Chuck Norris' personal code and are as follows:

1. Develop my full potential prospects as possible in all my life.
2. Forget past mistakes and concentrate on the great triumphs of the present.
3. I always keep a positive thought and try to convey this to everyone you know.
4. Continually try to develop love, joy and loyalty in my family, and realize that no other success can compensate for failure at home.
5. Seek the best of all people and make them feel worthwhile.
6. If I have nothing good to say about someone, do not say anything.
7. Employ much time improving myself that I will not have time to criticize others.
8. I will always be so enthusiastic about the achievements of others as my own.
9. Keep an attitude of tolerance toward people who have a different view from mine, while I still stand firm on what I personally believe true and honest.
10. Will maintain respect for the authorities and I will prove all the time.
11. I will remain always loyal to God, my country, my family and friends.
12. I always keep highly oriented throughout my life with a positive attitude to help my family, my country and myself.


Walt Disney was born on December 5, 1901 and had the typical childhood of the son of a farmer. His father, Elias Disney (1859-1941), ancestors of Irish, had come to the U.S. from Canada and settled in Chicago shortly after marrying schoolteacher Call Flora (1868-1938), in 1888. Walt was born in 1901, the fourth of five children of the marriage. In 1906-according to some, fleeing the rising crime in Chicago, the family moved to a farm near Marceline, Missouri. Later, Disney would say that those were the happiest years of his life. As he and his younger sister, Ruth, were too small to help with farm work, they spent most time playing. From this period dates the first Disney dabbled with drawing and his great love for trains.

This idyllic period ended a few years later. In 1909, Elias Disney suddenly fell ill with typhoid fever, and, despite having the help of her older children, was unable to continue working on the farm. He sold it reluctantly, and the family lived in a rented house until 1910, when he moved to Kansas City. For the young Disney was very hard having to leave their rural paradise.

In Kansas City, Elias began to work delivering newspapers for the Kansas City Star. Walt and his brother Roy accounted helping his father in the deal, which required hard work getting up every day at twelve o'clock.

According to the records of the public school district in Kansas City, Disney began attending the Benton Grammar School in 1910, and graduated on June 8, 1911. Not a good student because of his job delivering newspapers, he had trouble concentrating and often fell asleep. He was prone to daydreaming and doodling to pass the time.

Elias left his job as a paperboy and became one of the owners of a company dedicated to developing carbonated beverages, the O'Zell Company, based in Chicago. The family moved to this city, and Disney continued his studies at the McKinley High School in Chicago. At the same time, working for his father and attended the evening classes at the Art Institute of Chicago.

At 15, Walt got a summer job selling newspapers and candy to passengers Santa Fe Railroad We train a lot more interested in his work, which was not too successful, since they often stole the goods.

In his school years, Disney was the cartoonist of the school newspaper, The Village Voice. His comics were patriotic and political issue, focusing on the theme of the First World War. In 1918, wanting to follow in the footsteps of his brother Roy, who had enlisted in the Navy, left school to enlist in the army. It was not accepted for being too young. Noting that the ambulance corps of the Red Cross to admit boys of seventeen, Walt forged his birth certificate to show that he was born in 1900 instead of 1901, and had already served seventeen.

He was admitted, but never enter combat. When he finished his training and was transferred to Europe, Germany had signed the armistice, and the war was over. He spent the rest of his time at the Red Cross as an ambulance driver in France, moving to officers. Be entertained by filling drawings of the ambulance he was driving. It was also during this time that he started smoking, a habit that would accompany him throughout his life. In 1919 he asked to be relieved of his military obligations and was sent back to America.
Early in the animation

Determined to pursue a career, he moved to Kansas City. His brother Roy worked at a bank in the area and, thanks to a friend, got him a job-Rubin Art Studio Pesemen where Walt was dedicated to creating ads for newspapers, magazines and cinemas. There he met another artist, Ubbe Iwwerks, with whom he associated, and both decided to start their own business.

Disney and Iwwerks (who shortened his name to Ub Iwerks) founded a company called "Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists" in January 1920. Unfortunately, they failed too many customers, and finally had to leave. Both were hired by the Kansas City Film Ad Company, which worked in commercials, made with primitive animation techniques to local theaters. Disney was fascinated by the possibilities of animation. He spent several days in the Kansas City Public Library perusing books of anatomy and mechanics. He also read a book on Muybridge Edweard about animation. He used his time at Film Ad experimenting with animation and film techniques. Even borrowed a camera from the company to experiment at home.

After two years in Film Ad, Disney believed it had acquired enough experience to start a new business on their own. In 1922, he founded the company Laugh-O-Gram Films, Inc., dedicated to making animated films based on fairy tales and folk tales for children, like Cinderella or Puss in Boots. Among his employees were Iwerks, Hugh Harman, Rudolph Ising, Carmen Maxwell, and Friz Freleng. The shorts were made famous in the area of ​​Kansas City, but their production costs exceeded the income they provided.

After creating his latest short, mixing live action and animation Alice's Wonderland, the studio went bankrupt in June 1923. Disney then decided to move to the center of the burgeoning film industry, Hollywood. He sold his camera and got enough money for a train trip to California. He left behind his friends and former employees, but he took with him the film of Alice's Wonderland.

He arrived in Los Angeles with forty dollars in his pocket and a film unfinished in his briefcase. Its purpose was to leave the animated film, believing it could not compete with the studios in New York. Intended to become a director of live action movies, and ran unsuccessfully looking for work all the studies.

Finding none, decided to try again with animation. His first studio in Hollywood was a garage at his uncle Robert. Send the movie Alice's Wonderland at the New York distributor Margaret Winkler, who showed great interest in the film and hired Disney to produce more films combining animation and live action.

He joined his brother Roy, who was recovering from tuberculosis in a veterans hospital in Los Angeles and convinced him to take charge of economic management of the study. Roy agreed. At the request of Disney, the leading actress of Alice's Wonderland, Virginia Davis and his family moved to Hollywood from Kansas City. Iwerks and so did his. This was the beginning of the Disney Brothers' Studio, the germ of the future The Walt Disney Company.

The new film, called " Alice Comedies "(" Alice Comedies "), were quite successful. After Virginia Davis, who left the Disney series by not accepting the demands of wage increase of their parents, were starring actresses Dawn O'Day and Margie Gay. Later Lois Hardwick briefly assumed the role. By the time the series ended in 1927, the focus was more animated characters, including a cat named Julius who resembled the cat Felix -.

Oswald the Lucky Rabbit

In 1927, Charles B. Mintz, who had married Margaret Winkler and had taken the reins of his business, called for a new series of films, animation only, to be distributed by Universal Pictures of Carl Laemmle. The new series, " Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, "was an almost instant success. The character was created and drawn by Iwerks. His success allowed the growth of the study, and Walt could rehire Harman, Ising, Maxwell, and Freleng from Kansas City.

In February 1928, Disney went to New York to negotiate a new economic agreement with Mintz, but got a big surprise when he announced that he would not only pay less for each film to produce, but was the main animators Disney-including Harman, Ising, Maxwell, and Freleng (but not Iwerks) - under contract, and would create his own studio if Disney did not accept work for less money. Oswald rights belong to Universal and Disney, and could make the movie without him.

Disney rejected the imposition of Mintz and lost most of the staff study. Those who left formed the nucleus of Winkler Studio, run by Mintz and his brother George Winkler. However, little later Universal assigned production Oswald Rabbit films to a section of his own company who ran Walter Lantz, and Mintz had to devote their study to the production of short Krazy Kat. Harman, Ising, Maxwell, and Freleng created a character very similar to Oswald, Bosko to Leon Schlesinger and Warner Bros., and began work shortly after the first installments of the series Looney Tunes.

The Disney company only regained the rights to Oswald 78 years later, in 2006.